Diabetes  Information

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic health condition that affects how your body turns food into energy. Most of the food you eat is broken down into sugar (glucose) that your body uses for energy. Insulin, a hormone made by your pancreas, helps your body use glucose for energy.

When you have diabetes, your body either doesn't make enough insulin or doesn't use insulin as well as it should. This causes too much glucose to build up in your blood.

There are three main types of diabetes:

Symptoms of Diabetes

The symptoms of diabetes can vary depending on the type of diabetes you have and how well it's managed. Some common symptoms of diabetes include:

Complications of Diabetes

If diabetes isn't managed well, it can lead to serious complications, including:

Managing Diabetes

There is no cure for diabetes, but it can be managed with a combination of diet, exercise, and medication. The goal of managing diabetes is to keep your blood sugar levels as close to normal as possible. This will help to prevent complications and improve your quality of life.

Diet and Exercise

Making healthy changes to your diet and exercise habits is an important part of managing diabetes. A healthy diet for people with diabetes includes plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. It's also important to limit your intake of saturated and unhealthy fats, sugar, and salt.

Regular exercise can help to lower your blood sugar levels, improve your cholesterol levels, and reduce your risk of heart disease. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise most days of the week.


If diet and exercise aren't enough to control your blood sugar levels, you may need to take medication. There are many different types of diabetes medications available, so your doctor can help you find the right one for you.


People with diabetes need to be good at self-managing their condition. This includes monitoring their blood sugar levels regularly, taking their medication as prescribed, and making healthy lifestyle choices.

There are many resources available to help people with diabetes learn how to self-manage their condition. Your doctor can provide you with information and support, and there are also many books, websites, and apps available.

Living with Diabetes

Living with diabetes can be challenging, but it's important to remember that it's a manageable condition. With the right treatment and lifestyle changes, you can live a long and healthy life.


Diabetes is a serious chronic condition, but it can be managed with the right treatment and lifestyle changes. If you have diabetes, it's important to work closely with your doctor to develop a treatment plan that's right for you. With proper care, you can live a long and healthy life.